Age spots, or lentigines, are flat brown spots that are caused by sun exposure. Age spots usually appear on the face, chest, and back of the hands.
Cysts (also know as sebaceous cysts) are small closed sacs that contain fluid or solid material. A cyst is an infection and requires that the dermatologist drain the contents and sometimes surgically remove the cyst. Sebaceous cysts most often arise from swollen hair follicles. Skin trauma can also induce a cyst to form. A sac of cells is created into which a protein called keratin is secreted. Cysts are usually found on the face, neck, and trunk. They are usually slow- growing, painless, freely movable lumps beneath the skin. Occasionally, however, a cyst will become inflamed and tender.
Rashes, Eczema and Psoriasis
A rash is an area of irritated or swollen skin. It might be red and itchy, bumpy, scaly, crusty or blistered. Rashes are a symptom of many different medical conditions. Things that can cause a rash include other diseases, irritating substances, allergies and your genetic makeup.
Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is an itchy inflammatory disorder associated with dry skin. Eczema is often linked to asthma and seasonal allergies. It usually begins during early childhood, often during the first year of life, with spontaneous remission later in life. Eczema classically affects the face, neck, hands, and creases of the elbows and knees.
Psoriasis is a hereditary inflammatory skin condition that affects 1-2% of the population. Psoriasis usually appears as scaly red plaques, most commonly on the elbows, knees, scalp, hands, and feet. Triggers for psoriasis include physical trauma, certain infections, stress, and medications. Psoriasis is often accompanied by arthritis, and more recently, it has been linked to an increased risk of heart attacks.
Hyperhidrosis (Excessive Sweating)
Severe primary axillary hyperhidrosis, or excessive sweating, is a medical condition that involves hyperactive sweat glands. Sweat is your body’s temperature regulator. In severe primary axillary hyperhidrosis, sweating significantly exceeds the body’s normal requirements. Severe primary axillary hyperhidrosis often goes undiagnosed, misdiagnosed, and untreated due to lack of awareness. Botox® treatment has been approved by the FDA for excessive sweating. Botox® treatment helps control this condition by temporarily blocking the chemical signals from the nerves that stimulate the sweat glands. The effects of Botox® treatment for this problem last an average of six to seven months.
Molluscum contagiosum is a self-limited viral skin infection caused by a poxvirus. Molluscum appears as skin-colored or white bumps with a characteristic central dimple. It is transmitted via skin-to-skin contact, and molluscum typically affects children or sexually active adults. Molluscum lesions, which can be distributed throughout the body, can persist up to 6 months or more before undergoing spontaneous resolution.
Rosacea is an inflammatory skin condition that is characterized by episodic flushing, symmetric redness, papules and pustules on the face. Rosacea can also be associated with rhinophyma (enlarged nose) and eye lesions (blepharitis, conjunctivitis). Rosacea typically affects adults with fair complexions. Triggers of rosacea include heat, sun, alcohol, and spicy foods.
Warts, or verruca, are caused by an infection of the skin by the human papillomavirus (HPV). There are many types of warts, including common warts, plantar warts, flat warts, and genital warts. Warts are transmitted by skin-to-skin contact and can persist for years if not treated.
Pediatric dermatology involves comprehensive diagnosis and treatment services for the unique skin of infants, children and adolescents. While children and adults experience many of the same skin conditions, certain conditions are more prevalent in younger patients and require special care that takes into account the growing needs of these patients. Children are often at risk for fungal and bacterial infections of the skin, as well as a wide array of other acquired and congenital conditions.
Our treatments are gentle yet successful, allowing children to engage in their everyday activities while efficiently managing their skin ailment. Children with healthy skin can also be seen by our doctor for regular examinations to learn about proper skin care, including adequate sun protection. Early examination by a dermatologist can promote a lifetime of healthy skin for our pediatric patients.